Music Dictionary G

G - Giusto

Glee - Gypsy Scale

G - (Italian, French) "So, Sol"; tone with a pitch frequency around 391.995 Hz; 

G Clef - the clef centered on the second line of the staff; treble clef

Gallant - (French) "gala, fun"; a light and elegant musical style created in opposition to the majestic and dignified Baroque composing styles of the 18th century 

Gamba - (Italian) "leg"; a term used  for a viola da gamba (leg viol), mosly the bass viol which is played by standing the instrument between the legs

Gamelan - (Javanese) an 8th century Indonesian ensemble composed primarily of percussion, stringed, woodwind instruments and solo vocalists

Gamut - (Latin) "range, span"; a Medieval era scale consisting of seven overlapping hexachords extending to a three octave range from bass G to treble E

Gapped Scales - a scale which has fewer than 7 notes such as the pentatonic with 5

Gassenhauer - (German) "street beater"; a short 16th century work from Carl Orff's 'Schulwerk' used in many modern music, television, radio, and film

Gathering Note - in hymns, an introductory note played on the organ to sound the pitch for singing participants

Gebrauchsmusik - (German) "music of use"; early 20th century German term for music that is educational or socially useful for youths

Gefällig - (German) "pleasant, pleasing"; to be played in an agreeable manner

Geisslerlieder - (German) religious folk songs sung by the 13th century Medieval wandering bands of European flagellants on pilgrimage

Geistlich - (German) "spiritual"; 17th century sacred music for choir using poem texts

Gemächlich - (German) "unhurried"; play at a leisurely or comfortable tempo

General Pause - normally abbreviated to G.P, a direction for the entire orchestra to stop playing for one measure, typically following a big climax in the music

Genre - (French) "group"; different styles, forms, types or categories of popular music; a term applied for separation of different musical styles

German Dance - a term used in the mid 18th century for dances of a 3/4 time signature eventually replaced by waltz and the Ländler

Gesamtausgabe - (German) "counted, collected"; the collective works of a composer

Gesamtkunstwerk - (German) "total work of art"; art form which makes use of many artistic works; term coined by R. Wagner to describe musical drama that combines music, poetry, motion, and design to a single point or intention

Gestopft - (German) "stopped"; muted; term when a horn player places the hand into the instrument's bell for muting or dampening the sound

Gig - American term for a musical job, task, or contract of performance

Gigue - (French, Italian) ""; a lively movement of the Baroque suite; a popular dance of the Renaissance and Baroque eras in France and Italy

Giocoso - (Italian) "gaily"; play in a playful manner; play in an amusing style

Giusto - (Italian) "exactly"; in strict time; in the exact tempo

Glee - (Old English) "delight"; short unaccompanied songs for several voices sung by trios and quartets from the 17th century

Glee Club - a musical group or choir of vocalists who sing short glee songs from the 17th to 19th centuries; choirs established in North American high schools and universities consisting of choruses who sing popular and original songs

Glissando (French) "to glide"; to glide from one pitch to the next with no accent or break between; notation indicating a slide up or down a scale as embellishment; Right: glissando sign

Goat's Trill - a mocking term of ridicule for a badly performed vocal trill

Goliard - (Latin) "from Goliath, term for giant"; songs and poetry of 13th & 14th century religious clerics used to voice protest toward church contradictions

Gorcheggio - (Italian) "trill"; a long rapid vocal effect in which one vowel syllable takes a warbling or trill of several notes

Gospel Music - modern day Christian or religious music; the music of early modern churches sung in worship services; 20th century religious music for worship

Grace Note - an ornamentation preceding an accent note or main beat of quick soft notes; notes of embellishment played onto the main melody; notation indicating grace notes; Right: grace note

Grandioso - (Latin) "grand"; direction to play with grandeur; play nobly

Grand Opera - a genre of 19th century opera of four or five acts with full scale orchestration, and a large cast in a significant setting based on historical events

Grand Staff - multiple slaves of the lower and higher pitched voices or instruments connected by  double end bars

Graphic Notation - a form of notation begun in the 1950s comprised of symbols and images which works with or in place of standard notation

Grave - (Italian) "heavy"; direction to play at a slow tempo

Gregorian Chant - a form of monophonic Latin or Greek plainchant sung by monks which was developed in 9th century Europe

Gregorian Mode - one of the eight systems of pitch organization used in Gregorian chant from the 8th to 16th centuries

Grossvater - (German) "grandfathers dance"; a 19th century comosition sung and danced to at German weddings; the final ballroom dance called Kehraus

Ground Bass - basso ostinato;  a type of musical phrases of harmonic patterns repeated in melodic bass-line variations developed during the Renaissance

Grundgestalt - (German) "basic shape"; a term coined by Schoenberg in the 20th century to denote the basic shape or idea of a composition

Gustoso - (Italian) "tasteful, agreeable"; 

Gypsy Scale - scales used in Hungarian Gypsy music; The Hungarian scales including double harmonic, double harmonic minor, & Phrygian scales; also Romani scale