Music Dictionary G

G - Giocoso

Giusto - Gypsy Scale

G - (Italian, French) "So, Sol"; tone with a pitch frequency around 391.995 Hz; 

G Clef - the clef centered on the fourth line of the staff; treble clef

Gallant - (French) "gala, fun"; a light and elegant musical style created in opposition to the majestic and dignified 18th century Baroque composing styles

Gamba - (Italian) "leg"; a term used  for a viola da gamba (leg viol), mosly the bass viol which is played by standing the instrument between the legs

Gamelan - (Javanese) an 8th century Indonesian ensemble composed primarily of percussion, stringed, woodwind instruments and solo vocalists

Gamut - (Latin) "range, span"; a Medieval era scale consisting of seven overlapping hexachords extending to three octave range from bass G to treble E

Gapped Scales - a scale which has fewer than 7 notes such as the 5 note pentatonic scale

Gassenhauer - (German) "street beater"; a short 16th century work from Carl Orff's 'Schulwerk' used in many modern music, television, radio, and film works

Gathering Note - in hymns, an introductory note played on the organ to sound the pitch for singing participants

Gebrauchsmusik - (German) "music of use"; early 20th century German term for music that is educational or socially useful for youths

Gefällig - (German) "pleasant, pleasing"; to be played in an agreeable manner

Geisslerlieder - (German) religious folk songs sung by the 13th century Medieval wandering bands of European flagellants on pilgrimage

Geistlich - (German) "spiritual"; 17th century sacred music for choir which used new or existing poem texts

Gemächlich - (German) "unhurried"; play at a leisurely or comfortable tempo

General Pause - normally abbreviated to G.P, a direction for the entire orchestra to stop playing for one measure, typically following a big climax

Genre - (French) "group"; different styles, forms, types or categories of popular music; a term applied for separation of different musical styles

German Dance - a term used in the mid 18th century for dances of a 3/4 time signature eventually replaced by waltz and the Ländler

Gesamtausgabe - (German) "counted, collected"; the collective works of a composer

Gesamtkunstwerk - (German) "total work of art"; art form which makes use of many artistic works; term coined by R. Wagner to describe musical drama that combines music, poetry, motion, and design to a single point or intention

Gestopft - (German) "stopped"; muted; term when a horn player places the hand into the instrument's bell for muting or dampening the sound

Gig - American term for a musical job, task, or contract of performance

Gigue - (French, Italian) ""; a lively movement of the Baroque suite; a popular dance of the Renaissance and Baroque eras in France and Italy

Giocoso - (Italian) "gaily"; play in a playful manner; play in an amusing style

Giusto - (Italian) "exactly"; in strict time; in the exact tempo

Glee - (Old English) "delight"; short unaccompanied songs for several voices sung by trios and quartets from the 17th century

Glee Club - a musical group or choir of vocalists who sing short glee songs from the 17th to 19th centuries; choirs established in North American high schools and universities consisting of choruses who sing popular and original songs

Glissando (French) "to glide"; to glide from one pitch to the next with no accent or break between; notation indicating a slide up or down a scale as embellishment; Right: glissando

Goat's Trill - a mocking term of ridicule for a badly performed vocal trill

Goliard - (Latin) "from Goliath, term for giant"; songs and poetry of 13th & 14th century religious clerics used to voice protest toward church contradictions

Gorcheggio - (Italian) "trill"; a long rapid vocal effect in which one vowel syllable takes a warbling or trill of several notes

Gospel Music - modern day Christian or religious music; the music of early modern churches sung in worship services; 20th century music for worship

Grace Note - a notation ornamentation of quick soft notes preceding an accent note or main beat; short notes leading into the main note taking none of its time; Right: grace note

Grandioso - (Latin) "grand"; direction to play with grandeur; play nobly

Grand Opera - a genre of 19th century opera of four or five acts with full scale orchestration, and a large cast in a significant setting based on historical events

Grand Staff - multiple slaves of the lower and higher pitched voices or instruments connected by  double end bars

Graphic Notation - a form of notation begun in the 1950s comprised of symbols and images which works with or in place of standard notation

Grave - (Italian) "heavy"; direction to play at a slow tempo

Gregorian Chant - a form of monophonic Latin or Greek plainchant sung by monks which was developed in 9th century Europe

Gregorian Mode one of the eight systems of pitch organization used in Gregorian chant from the 8th to 16th centuries

Grossvater - (German) "grandfathers dance"; a 19th century comosition sung and danced to at German weddings; the final ballroom dance called Kehraus

Ground Bass - basso ostinato;  a type of musical phrases of harmonic patterns repeated in melodic bass-line variations developed during the Renaissance

Grundgestalt - (German) "basic shape"; a term coined by Schoenberg in the 20th century to denote the basic shape or idea of a composition

Gruppetto - (Italian) "small group"; a turn or trill; see also turn or trill

Gustoso - (Italian) "tasteful, agreeable"; 

Gypsy Scale - scales used in Hungarian Gypsy music; The Hungarian scales including double harmonic, double harmonic minor, & Phrygian scales; also Romani scale