Time Signature

Did You Know? The oldest chart topper is Louis Armstrong with his #1 1980 UK hit “What a Wonderful World” at 69 years old Determining the Time or Beat We’ve looked at the musical staff and the various clefs on […]

Key Signature

Determining the Key The key signature is placed after the time signature indicating the key or pitch range of the scaling system for the appropriate instrument with a series of sharp or flat signs. Depending upon the key, the signature […]


Identifying Notes and Rests To play or not to play After learning the symbols to starting a new composition, we continue with the symbols that make up the actual music, notes and rests. The notes are placed on the lines […]


Rests Symbols of Silence Like notes, rests are placed on the lines and spaces of the staff. Depending upon the symbol used, rests tell the performer when not to play and how long to remain silent. Also like notes, while […]

Musical Direction

The Composer’s Direction A composer sometimes needs to instruct the performer how to properly interpret a composition so he uses certain directions to tell the performer how to play the piece. It could be just when and where to do […]


Embellishment of Tones Add one dose of sweetener and stir gently. Embellishments are the musical symbols instructing the performer to embellish or add to the actual written notes and instruction. Through embellishment, the performer can add more style to the […]

The Baroque Period

The Baroque Period Enter the Great Composers There are three periods of musical discovery that we’ve all heard to death from the sixth grade to college graduation day, probably because they’re the most influential and applied eras of innovation and […]