Anthem

An Anthem is a religious choral composition with an English text. The anthem was first developed in the mid 16th century and played an important role in the Anglican and Protestant church. Early anthems mostly consisted of four-part pieces..

Chorale

The chorale is a German-Protestant hymn. In efforts to coerce the congregation into more participation, musician, composer, and religious reformer Martin Luther wrote the first known chorales in the early 16th century.